Draft Minutes of Forest Pathology Committee Meeting, 7/31/2005

Meeting was called to order by Paul Zambino, presiding chair, at 7:12 PM. Approx. 30 were in attendance.

New members were introduced/welcomed:
Mo-Mei Chen
Bill McDonald
Everett Hansen
Dave Rizzo
James (Djibo) Zanzot

Sue Cohen, outgoing immediate past chair, was recognized for her work on the committee.

Draft minutes from 2004:
Email responses were requested prior to the meeting from committee members for correcting and approving the draft of the previous year’s minutes, which Linda Haugen posted on the committee’s web site. Motion was carried to accept the minutes.

2005 agenda:
Motion was carried to approve the agenda for the 2005 committee meeting.

New APS bylaws on committee membership:
The following new bylaws were described and briefly discussed:

  • Committee membership is no longer limited by APS. We can decide if we want to limit our membership.
  • Committee members can serve on other subject matter committees.
  • A member can only serve as an officer of one committee at a time.
  • Can rotate back onto committee membership without a gap in service, but must be approved by a vote of the committee.
  • APS wishes committees to be representative and balanced between all groups of practitioners in the subject area, and can object to including members on that basis. So we still need to do a good job of recruiting from government, academia, and industry, with some international representation.

Outgoing members were recognized:
Gaston Laflamme
Bruce Moltzan
Steve Oak
Charles G. (Terry) Shaw 

Nominations to committee, 2006-2009 term:
The following were suggested, or self nominated
1) Pauline Spaine
2) Simon Shamoun
3) Walter Shortle
4) Caroline Mohammed
5) Robert Marra
6) Gaston Laflamme
7) Jenny Juzwik
8) Joe O’Brien

The chair reiterates that nominees must agree to serve before they are nominated. Motion carries to approve the new members.

Nomination for future chair:
Paul Zambino is acting chair, immediate past chair as of the close of meeting
Enrico Bonello is acting chair as of the close of meeting
Mee-Sook Kim is acting vice-chair as of the close of meeting, and will be chair in 2006-2007

Motion carries to nominate Jenny Juzwik to become vice chair in 2006-2007 and chair in 2007-2008.

APS Plant Pathology Priorities Statement Update:
Daniel Collins is recognized for his work on including some wording related to natural ecosystems in the statement.

Microbial Genomic Sequencing List:
Scott Gold made a small presentation on the status of the list. He stressed the good success of submissions in the immediate priorities category. He also pointed out that there is still space for more submissions in this category, which currently contains three forest pathogens: Cronartium ribicola, Ophiostoma novo-ulmi, and Cryphonectria parasitica. Furthermore, currently there are two Armillaria spp. in the high priority list. Scott Gold solicited some more input from the committee on our own priorities. The chair pointed out that Cronartium quercuum f.sp. fusiforme was recently suggested for inclusion in the immediate priorities list, because of the growing EST database. Questions were raised by Richard Hamelin on the wisdom of including organisms that are not the at the center of much work, relatively speaking, worldwide; e.g. fusiform rust is much less important than Armillaria root and butt rot. The chair suggested to elevate A. ostoyae to the immediate priorities list, so that the following four forest pathogens would be included: C. ribicola, O. novo-ulmi, C. parasitica and A. ostoyae. The following species would then be proposed for the high priorities list: A. mellea, C. quercuum f.sp. fusiforme, and the others currently on the list, including Heterobasidion annosum. Scott Gold stressed that the objective of the list is to facilitate sequencing of organisms that would be of use to a large community of scientists, and that would not be easily sequenced otherwise. The vice chair questioned the wisdom of not including H. annosum, one of the most important forest pathogens worldwide, in the immediate priorities list. Richard Hamelin pointed out that nobody in North America is working on genomic aspects of H. annosum. The chair suggested that the subcommittee on sequencing keeps working on coming up with a consensus list. Richard Hamelin will join the subcommittee in a consultative role. Scott Gold pointed out that the Dept. of Energy might entertain certain sequencing projects independently of the APS list, since forest pathogens are involved in limiting biomass production. Two examples of DOE-sequenced organisms that were not on the APS list are Phytophthora ramorum and Melampsora larici-populina.

Composition of Subcommittees:
Motion carries to allow non-committee members to serve on subcommittees, such as the subcommittee on sequencing.

Student Travel Award Account:
No award was available this year because there was not enough money in the account. The chair solicited contributions to the fund which, once it contains $8,000, will become self sustaining with the possibility of one award per year. The chair also points out that any funds left over from the field trip go into the travel award account. David Appel, organizer of the 2005 field trip, pointed out that not much money was left over from the trip.

Committee Webpage:
The chair recognized Linda Haugen for all her work on the website. Linda then provided an update on the status of the webpage, including the idea of providing archival capabilities for powerpoint presentations used in special sessions. Linda also pointed out that the Forest Service in St. Paul may not be able to support the website on their server for much longer and explained that Jim Worrall is interested in incorporating the website into the existing website www.forestpathology.org. The chair pointed out that the APS Committee splash page now allows for upload of up to 3,500 characters for archival purposes of archival information per year, but that the size of this capability is certainly inadequate and not comparable to the current committee website managed by Linda Haugen.

Report on 2005 Field Trip:
David Appel and Kim Camilli were recognized for all their work in organizing the field trip, which included oak wilt, Pierce’s disease of grapes, pecan scab and mouse ear, and pathological issues in Christmas tree farms.

Proposed 2006 Field Trip in Quebec City:
Richard Hamelin said that Gaston Laflamme volunteered to organize the trip. A debate ensued as to whether the committee wanted a one-day or a two-day trip. David Appel pointed out that APS helps a lot with the logistics of the trip and that Gaston Laflamme and collaborators should take full advantage of APS services. The committee felt that a two-day trip would be preferable. Louis Bernier and Richard Hamelin volunteered to work with Gaston Laflamme on the concept. Disease problems likely to be on the tour include beech bark disease, white pine blister rust, diseases of hybrid poplars and elms, etc. The chair of APS Ornamental Pathology Committee, Warren Copes, attended part of the meeting and expressed interest in our proposed field trip (particularly if nursery problems will be included on the tour) because their committee most likely will be unable to organize an ornamental pathology field trip in Quebec City.

The issue of organizing a joint event with MSA came up. Gaston Laflamme suggested that perhaps the two societies could organize separate field trips and forays, but get together at lunchtime somewhere. Glen Stanosz floated the idea of having the foray on Tuesday afternoon. 

Proposed Sessions for 2006-2007 Meetings:
Fungal endophytes: Diversity and function in forest ecosystems : Ned Klopfenstein, Mee-Sook Kim, Sue Cohen

This session had been approved for this years meeting but was withdrawn, because most authors had conflicts with the MSA meeting in Hawaii . It will build on the topics provided in a different session on endophytes that will be presented in this year’s meeting. Topics will range from the ecological and biocontrol implications of foliar and root endophytes of forest trees, to genetic diversity of the endophytes. There will be one talk on endophytes of grasses to provide a contrast to endophytes of long-lived woody hosts. The Mycology committee co-sponsored the session when it was proposed last year and has agreed to co-sponsor it again this year. We are seeking co-sponsorship from CPS, and possibly MSA.

 

Phylogeography of Forest Pathogens: Mee-Sook Kim, Ned Klopfenstein

This session would show the effects of ancient landforms and climatic changes on migrations of hosts and pathogens on the current distribution of species of Ophiostoma, Armillaria, Cronartium, Cryphonectria, and will include a general talk on the impact of ancient population mosaics on extant forest disease. A co-sponsor has yet to be identified. 

Long-term patterns of spread and intensification of forest pathogens: Paul Zambino and John Lundquist.

Capitalizes on tools used for forest pathosystems, which have long-lived hosts and persistent ecosystem and geographical associations, for understanding spread and intensification of exotic and native forest pathogens. Contrasts with monotypic and annual crop systems. It will have one talk on applications of GIS and geostatistics to epidemics in natural systems, and will then highlight disease of jarrah eucalyptus in Australia caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi, blister rust in North America, sudden oak death in coastal North America, Dwarf mistletoe of ponderosa pine in North American landscapes, the new hybrid Phytophthora species on alder in Europe, and the endemic North American root pathogen Phellinus weirii. The Epidemiology committee would be solicited to cosponser.  

Forest Pathology Breakfast / Urban Forestry Session: Daniel Collins, Enrico Bonello, Louis Bernier

Topics would encompass urban forest health management by regions, including Canada as well as the Formosan termite threat.

This event could have several forms: If a breakfast along the lines of Turf grass Committee breakfast, we request a room for informal discussion and do not compete with other sessions, but then it is a ticketed, not an open event. Or it can be a session, with specific topics and speakers, with some possibility of funding. The chair requested information from Jan Leach whether it can be a breakfast followed by a session. Jan Leach said she thinks it should be one thing or the other, but not a hybrid format. A co-sponsor has yet to be identified.

Forest Pathology of the Americas: Paul Zambino, John Lundquist

This session would exploit the international venue and mixture of societies at the Quebec City 2006 meeting to bring together the forest pathology of regions of the New World that are often overlooked in sessions and symposia: Speakers will be solicited to address specific regions, including Central America, Caribbean region, South America, Mexico, Canada, and the United States. This symposium would generate a publication. Richard Hamelin mentioned that CPS may be interested in cosponsoring. Because of the publication costs, we would request $3000 from APS.

Approaches and techniques for detection of Exotic Invasive Pathogens in Forest and Ornamental Landascapes: Jenny Juzwik.

This symposium will cover: 1) survey design (statistics), 2) techniques for detecting/monitoring for exotic diseases in the landscape, and 3) agency/organization connections in reporting detections and to initiate early response. This would be co-sponsored by the Epidemiology and Diseases of Ornamentals committee.

Workshop on Molecular Diagnostics: Richard Hamelin, Gaston Laflamme, Louis Bernier.

This laboratory-based workshop will be conducted in Richard Hamelin’s lab at the 2006 meeting and will cover basic molecular diagnostic techniques with an emphasis on the use of Real Time PCR. Cosponsors: Diagnostics Committee and CPS. 

Glen Stanosz expressed his interest in proposing, next year and for the 2007 meeting in San Diego, a symposium on the roles and functions of forest pathogens in ecosystem dynamics.

The meeting was adjourned at 8:30 PM.

Update:
The Forest Pathology Committee recognizes the passing of three members of the forest pathology community:
Bill Carey, Research Plant Pathologist with the School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences at Auburn University.
Dick Campana, Forest Pathologist at the University of Maine.
Vince Franceschi, Director and Professor of the School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University .